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2.45 NYC DOC staff per incarcerated person, despite historic drops in crime and jail population

By Elizabeth Glazer & Michael Jacobson

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Currently and prior to the Covid-19 pandemic, NYC has had the lowest murder and incarceration rates of the largest 5 cities in the US. Between 1993 and 2020, the number of people in New York City jails decreased 122% (from 18,623 ADP to 4,541 ADP) as overall crime fell and the city started decarceration efforts. Moreover, in 2021, Rikers reached the highest staffing to person incarcerated ratio, 2.45 staff per incarcerated person, representing a 271% increase from 1995.

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